Dove e quando
2019-06-05 | ore 11, Aula A11 DICCA - Villa Cambiaso - Via Montallegro 1
The Kernel Wave Perspective: from Geophysics to Engineering
Prof. Luca Biancofiore
Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey
Within the geophysical sciences, shear instability isknown to be an important cause of turbulence and mixing in the atmosphere and oceans. A linear stability analysis is often used to determine whether small perturbations applied to the flow will grow in time. However, the results of stability analyses can often be nonintuitive, and one would hope thata consistent physical interpretation of instability can help to explain these results. One such physical interpretation, i.e. the kernel wave perspective, is based on the idea that two otherwise stable waves that exist in the flow may interact to produce instability. In this seminar this physical interpretation is taken away from its natural habitat, i.e. from geophysical sciences, and exploited for industrial purposes. In particular it is used to improve the design of the injectors of rockets engines where the combustion efficiency is strictly connected with the quality of the mixing between gaseous H2and liquid O2. The kernel wave perspective helps us in explaining (i) why adding a recess to these injectors the mixing significantly improves and (ii) thecounterintuitive destabilising effect of the surface tension at the interface between these two fluids.
prof. Alessandro Bottaro